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8 November 2018 | Comment | Article by Roman Kubiak TEP

UK government announces changes to probate fees

The government announced this week some big changes to probate fees to come into effect in April 2019 – including a significant hike for estates valued at £500,000 or more.

Probate fees are the court fees payable when administering someone’s estate after their death. Currently, probate fees are set at the flat rate of £155 for applications made by solicitors and £215 for applications made by individuals.

The government previously issued a consultation on proposed increases in probate fees in 2016, but the proposed changes at that time were put on hold due to the general election.

The new changes will see fees rise to £250 for all estates valued from £50,000 to £300,000 and £750 for estates valued from £300,000 to £500,000. There is then a sharp increase to £2,500 for estates valued from £500,000 – £1 million, with increasing increments up to a maximum fee of £6,000 for estates over £2 million. Further detail provided in the below table.

Estates valued at less than £50,000 will no longer incur a probate fee.

Value of estate (before inheritance tax) Proposed fee
Up to £50,000 or exempt from requiring a grant of probate £0
£50,000 – £300,000 £250
£300,000 – £500,000 £750
£500,000 – £1 million £2,500
£1 million – £1.6 million £4,000
£1.6 million – £2 million £5,000
Above £2 million £6,000


What does Hugh James think about the rise in probate fees?

Eleanor Evans, partner and Head of Trusts and Estates Administration at Hugh James, said:

“Increasing the threshold for probate fees from £5,000 to £50,000 is a good idea, as this brings a significant proportion of estates out of the requirement to pay probate fees.

We do, however, have some concerns about the government’s proposed new fee scale – as it means a steep hike for most property owners.

A potential issue is that probate fees need to be paid upfront and if people do not have the means to do this or there are no funds available in the estate that can be released before grant of probate, they may have to turn to loans to cover these costs.

Also, charities, which are exempt from inheritance tax, will suffer a reduction in their legacy income due to large probate fees being payable in estates where they are left residuary legacies. This could be extremely detrimental for their work.

While we don’t disagree with a fee scale that is proportionate to the value of the estate, we do think more consideration needs to be given to ensure the fee structure is fair for all.”

If you wish to talk to one of our experts in more detail about probate fees and how this announcement may affect you, please get in contact.

Author bio

Roman Kubiak TEP


Roman Kubiak is a Partner and Head of the market leading Private Wealth Disputes team.

He advises across the whole spectrum of private wealth disputes, with a particular focus on high value, complex and cross-border disputes including: trust disputes, breach of trust claims and applications to remove trustees; will disputes, particularly those with an international element; claims under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975; and claims for equitable relief under proprietary estoppel, constructive trusts and resulting trusts.

Disclaimer: The information on the Hugh James website is for general information only and reflects the position at the date of publication. It does not constitute legal advice and should not be treated as such. If you would like to ensure the commentary reflects current legislation, case law or best practice, please contact the blog author.


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